Crystal Raymond , Ph.D.

Climate Adaptation Specialist Climate Impacts Group

Crystal’s professional mission is to connect decision-makers and resource managers to the science and information they need to effectively consider the impacts of climate change in their work.

Areas of Expertise

Adaptation Planning Vulnerability Assessment Forest Ecology and Management Fire Ecology and Management Energy Sector


Crystal Raymond has experience working as a climate adaptation specialist within organizations and across multiple sectors. She has worked for the US Forest Service conducting vulnerability assessments and adaptation plans for national parks and forests. She also worked for a public electric utility to assess the vulnerability of energy infrastructure and operations, and prepare for potential climate impacts. Crystal has a Ph.D. in ecosystem analysis from the University of Washington and studies climate change impacts on forests and disturbance regimes.

Research Interests

  • Effective vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning for people, natural resources, and the built environment.
  • Climate change impacts on forest ecosystems and natural disturbance regimes, with a particular interest in fire.
  • Climate change impacts on the energy sector, particularly hydropower operations and electricity demand.

Recent Publications

Raymond, C.L. Seattle City Light Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan. 2015.

Strauch, R.; Raymond, C.L.; Rochefort, R.M.; Hamlet, A.F.; Lauver, C. 2016. Adapting transportation to climate change on federal lands in Washington State, USA. Climatic Change 130:185-199.

Raymond, C.L.; Peterson, D.L.; Rochefort, R.M., eds. 2014. Climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the North Cascades region, Washington. Gen. Tech. Rep. 892. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 279 p.

Raymond, C.L.; Peterson, D.L.; Rochefort, R.M. 2013. The North Cascadia Adaptation Partnership: a science-management collaboration for responding to climate change. Sustainability, 5:136-159.

Raymond, C.L., and D. McKenzie. 2012. Carbon dynamics of forests in Washington, U.S: projections for the 21st century based on climate-driven changes in fire regime. Ecological Applications 22:1589-1611.