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Comparison of NCEP/NCAR reanalyzed fields and surface observations over the TOGA-TAO array

Smull, B.F., McPhaden, M.J. 1996. Comparison of NCEP/NCAR reanalyzed fields and surface observations over the TOGA-TAO array. In Proceedings of the 21st Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop, 28 October-1 November 1996. Climate Prediction Center, Washington, D.C., pp. 57-60.

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El Nino

Sarachik, E.S. 1996. El Niño. pp. 661-663, In McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology 8’th edition. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill (publisher).

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Interactions of the Northern and Southern branches of the thermohaline circulation

McDermott, D. 1996. Interactions of the Northern and Southern branches of the thermohaline circulation. Ph.D. thesis, University of Washington, Seattle.

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Interpretation of interdecadal trends in Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature

Wallace, J.M., Zhang, Y., Bajuk, L. 1996. Interpretation of interdecadal trends in Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature. Journal of Climate 9:249-259.

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Learning to Predict the Climate Variations Associated with El Niño: Accomplishments and Legacies of the TOGA Program

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1996. Learning to Predict the Climate Variations Associated with El Niño: Accomplishments and Legacies of the TOGA Program. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 192 pp. (Committee chair: Sarachik)

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Mechanisms for decadal-to-centennial variability of the climate

Sarachik, E.S., Winton, M., Yin, F.L. 1996. Mechanisms for decadal-to-centennial variability of the climate. pp. 157-210 In Proceedings of 1995 NATO Advanced Study Institute on Decade-to-Century Scale Climate Variability J. Willebrand and D.L.T. Anderson (eds.), Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag.

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Natural and forced variability in the climate record

Wallace, J.M. 1996. In D.G. Natural and forced variability in the climate record. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley (eds.),The Natural Variability of the Climate System on the 10-100 Year Time Scales. Washington, D.C.:National Academy Press, 199-217.

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Observed climate variability: spatial structure

Wallace, J.M. 1996. Observed climate variability: spatial structure. In Proceedings of NATO Advanced Study Institute Workshop on Decade to Century Scale Climate Variability, Les Houches, France, February 1995, J. Willebrand and D.L.T. Anderson eds., Springer Verlag, pp. 31-81.

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Observed climate variability: time dependence

Wallace, J.M. 1996. Observed climate variability: time dependence. In Proceedings of NATO Advanced Study Institute Workshop on Decade to Century Scale Climate Variability, Les Houches, France, February 1995, J. Willebrand and D.L.T. Anderson eds., Springer Verlag, pp. 1-30.

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On the computation of diapycnal diffusive and advective scalar fluxes in multilayer isopycnic-coordinate ocean models

Hu, D. 1996. On the computation of diapycnal diffusive and advective scalar fluxes in multilayer isopycnic-coordinate ocean models. Monthly Weather Review 124:1834-1851.

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On the role of horizontal boundaries in parameter sensitivity and decadal scale variability of coarse-resolution ocean general circulation models

Winton, M. 1996. On the role of horizontal boundaries in parameter sensitivity and decadal scale variability of coarse-resolution ocean general circulation models. Journal of Physical Oceanography 26:289-304.

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On the sensitivity of thermocline depth and meridional heat transport to vertical diffusivity in OGCMs

Hu, D. 1996. On the sensitivity of thermocline depth and meridional heat transport to vertical diffusivity in OGCMs. Journal of Physical Oceanography 26:1480-1494.

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Prediction of ENSO: Model forecast skill and optimal error growth

Chen, Y-Q. 1996. Prediction of ENSO: Model forecast skill and optimal error growth. Ph.D. thesis, University of Washington, Seattle.

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The COADS sea level pressure signal: A near-global El Niño composite and time series results, 1946-1993

Harrison, D.E., Larkin, N.S. 1996. The COADS sea level pressure signal: A near-global El Niño composite and time series results, 1946-1993. Journal of Climate 9:3025-3055.

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The regulation of northern overturning by southern hemisphere winds

McDermott, D. 1996. The regulation of northern overturning by southern hemisphere winds. Journal of Physical Oceanography 26:1234-1255.

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Thermohaline circulation and variability in a two-hemisphere sector model of the Atlantic

McDermott, D., Sarachik, E.S. 1996. Thermohaline circulation and variability in a two-hemisphere sector model of the Atlantic. pp.384-396 In D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley, (eds.) The Natural Variability of the Climate System on the 10-100 Year Time Scales Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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Vertical velocity in the tropical Pacific a circulation model perspective for JGOFS

Harrison, D.E. 1996. Vertical velocity in the tropical Pacific  a circulation model perspective for JGOFS. Deep Sea Research Part II: Tropical Studies in Oceanography 43(4-6):687-705.

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“Integrated Assessment of Climate Variability, Impacts, and Policy Response in the Pacific Northwest.”

Miles, E.L. 1995. “Integrated Assessment of Climate Variability, Impacts, and Policy Response in the Pacific Northwest.” US GLOBEC NEWS, No. 9 (November): pp. 4-5 and 14-15.

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A mechanistic model of ocean interdecadal thermohaline oscillations

Yin, F.Y. 1995. A mechanistic model of ocean interdecadal thermohaline oscillations. Journal of Physical Oceanography 25:3239-3246.

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A new ocean model for studying the tropical oceanic aspects of ENSO

Chen, Y-Q., Battisti, D.S., Sarachik, E.S. 1995. A new ocean model for studying the tropical oceanic aspects of ENSO. Journal of Physical Oceanography 25:2065-2089.

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A Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program and NASA’s Mission to Planet Earth / Earth Observing System

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1995. A Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program and NASA’s Mission to Planet Earth / Earth Observing System. National Academy Press 96 pp. (Committee member: Sarachik)

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CLIVAR: A Study of Climate Variability and Predictability: Science Plan

World Climate Research Programme Sarachik, E.S. 1995. CLIVAR: A Study of Climate Variability and Predictability: Science Plan. World Climate Research Programme Report 89, WMO Technical Document No 690. 157 pp. (Member of the Scientific Steering Group: Sarachik)

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Convectively-induced mesoscale phenomena in the tropical and warm-season midlatitude atmosphere (IUGG Quadrennial Report)

Smull, B.F. 1995. Convectively-induced mesoscale phenomena in the tropical and warm-season midlatitude atmosphere (IUGG Quadrennial Report). Reviews of Geophysics Supplement 33:897-906.

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Coupled modeling

Sarachik, E.S. 1995. Coupled modeling. pp.414-418, In D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley (eds.), The Natural Variability of the Climate System on the 10-100 Year Time Scales. Washington, D.C.National Academy Press.

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Decade-to-century time-scale variability in the coupled atmosphere-ocean system: modeling issues

Battisti, D.S. 1995. Decade-to-century time-scale variability in the coupled atmosphere-ocean system: modeling issues. pp.419-429, In D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley (eds.), The Natural Variability of the Climate System on the 10-100 Year Time Scales. Washington, D.C.National Academy Press.

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Dynamical contribution to hemispheric-mean temperature trends

Wallace, J.M., Zhang, Y., Renwick, J.A. 1995. Dynamical contribution to hemispheric-mean temperature trends. Science 270:780-783.

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El Nino

Sarachik, E.S. 1995. El Niño. pp. 125-129 In S. Parker (ed), The 1995 McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, New York, New York: McGraw Hill.

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Energetic of deep-decoupling oscillations

Winton, M. 1995. Energetic of deep-decoupling oscillations. Journal of Physical Oceanography 25:420-427.

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Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1995. Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales. D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley (eds.), National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 630 pp.

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On interdecadal thermohaline oscillations in a sector ocean general circulation model: advective and convective processes

Yin, F.Y., Sarachik, E.S. 1995. On interdecadal thermohaline oscillations in a sector ocean general circulation model: advective and convective processes. Journal of Physical Oceanography 25: 2465-2484.

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On the role of competing coupled instabilities in the behavior of the Zebiak-Cane and Battisti coupled ocean-atmosphere models

Mantua, N.J., Battisti, D.S. 1995. On the role of competing coupled instabilities in the behavior of the Zebiak-Cane and Battisti coupled ocean-atmosphere models. Journal of Climate 8:2897-2927.

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On the symmetric stability of low-level equatorial flow

Levy, G., Battisti, D.S. 1995. On the symmetric stability of low-level equatorial flow. The Global Ocean and Atmosphere System 3:341-354.

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Precipitation charge measurements in the stratiform regions of two mesoscale convective systems

Bateman, M.G., Rust, W.S., Smull, B.F., Marshall, T.C. 1995. Precipitation charge measurements in the stratiform regions of two mesoscale convective systems. Journal of Geophysical Research 100:16,341-16,356.

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Review of B.A. Kagan’s “Ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate modeling”

Sarachik, E.S. 1995. Review of B.A. Kagan’s “Ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate modeling.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76:1468-1469.

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The dependence of the low-level easterly jet on Hadley and Walker circulations

Battisti, D.S., Ovens, D.D. 1995. The dependence of the low-level easterly jet on Hadley and Walker circulations. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 52:3911-3931.

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TOGA COARE aircraft mission summary images: An electronic atlas

Yuter, S.E., Houze, R.A., Smull, B.F., Marks, F.D., Daugherty, J.R. 1995. TOGA COARE aircraft mission summary images: An electronic atlas. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76:312-328.

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Understanding and predicting ENSO

Battisti, D.S., Sarachik, E.S. 1995. Understanding and predicting ENSO. Reviews of Geophysics contributions in Ocean Sciences (supplement) 33:1367-1376.

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Why is the deep sinking narrow?

Winton, M. 1995. Why is the deep sinking narrow? Journal of Physical Oceanography 25:997-1005.

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Singular vectors and the predictability of weather and climate

Palmer, R.N., Buizza, R., Molteni, F., Chen, Y-Q., Corti, S. 1994. Singular vectors and the predictability of weather and climate. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences 348:459-475.

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