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Designing a GCM experiment: Fundamentals of the planning process

Mote, P.W. 2000. Designing a GCM experiment: Fundamentals of the planning process. pp. 119-126. In P.W. Mote and A. O’Neill (eds.), Numerical Modeling of the Global Atmosphere in the Climate System. Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Press, 517 pp.

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Distribution and variability of water vapour

Gettelman, A., Harries, J., Mote, P.W. 2000. Distribution and variability of water vapour. Chapter 3, In SPARC Assessment of Water Vapour in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere, D. Kley, J. Russell, and C. Phillips, (eds.), World Climate Research Programme, Paris.

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Disturbance in mountain forests

Peterson, D.L., Prichard, S.J., McKenzie, D. 2000. Disturbance in mountain forests. pp. 51-58. In M.F. Price and N. Butt (eds.), Forests in Sustainable Mountain Development. Wallingford, United Kingdom: CABI Publishing.

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Eastward surface jets in the central equatorial Pacific

Harrison, D.E., Vecchi, G., Weisberg, R. 2000. Eastward surface jets in the central equatorial Pacific. Journal of Marine Research 58:735-754.

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Ecosystem dynamics and disturbance in mountain wildernesses: Assessing vulnerability of natural resources to change

Fagre, D.B., Peterson, D.L. 2000. Ecosystem dynamics and disturbance in mountain wildernesses: Assessing vulnerability of natural resources to change. In D.N. Cole, S.F. McCool, W.T. Borrie, and J. O’Loughlin, Jennifer (comps.), Wilderness Science in a Time of Change Conference – Volume 3: Wilderness as a Place for Scientific Inquiry, May 23-27, 1999, Missoula, MT, USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-3, p. 74-81, Ogden, Utah: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

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Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989

Hare, S.R., Mantua, N.J. 2000. Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989. Progress in Oceanography 47(2-4):103-145.

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Empirically derived Markov models and prediction of Tropical sea surface temperature anomalies

Johnson, S.D., Battisti, D.S., Sarachik, E.S. 2000. Empirically derived Markov models and prediction of Tropical sea surface temperature anomalies. Journal of Climate 13:3-17.

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Equatorial Thermocline Anomalies, Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies and ENSO

Harrison, D.E., Vecchi, G. 2000. Equatorial Thermocline Anomalies, Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies and ENSO. Geophysical Research Letter

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Fire frequency in the Columbia River Basin: Building regional models from fire history data

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., Agee, J.K. 2000. Fire frequency in the Columbia River Basin: Building regional models from fire history data. Ecological Applications 10(5):1497-1516.

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Generalized inversion of tropical atmosphere-ocean (TAO) data and a coupled model of the tropical Pacific. II: The 1995-96 La Nina and 1997-98 El Nino

Bennett, A.F., Chua, B.S., Harrison, D.E., McPhaden, M.J. 2000. Generalized inversion of tropical atmosphere-ocean (TAO) data and a coupled model of the tropical Pacific. II: The 1995-96 La Niña and 1997-98 El Niño. Journal of Climate 13:2770-2785.

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Global adjustment of the termocline in response to deep water formation

Huang, R.X., Cane, M., Naik, N., Goodman, P.J. 2000. Global adjustment of the termocline in response to deep water formation. Geophysical Research Letters 27(6):759-762.

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Improving Atmospheric Temperature Monitoring Capabilities

National Research Council, Wallace, J.M. 2000. Improving Atmospheric Temperature Monitoring Capabilities. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 17pp. (Committee chair: Wallace)

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Interannual variability of equatorial Pacific fluxes estimated from temperature and salinity data

Loukos, H., Vivier, F., Murphy, P.P., Harrison, D.E. 2000. Interannual variability of equatorial Pacific fluxes estimated from temperature and salinity data. Geophysical Research Letters 27(12):1735-1738.

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Long-range climate forecasting and its use for water management in the Pacific Northwest region of North America

Hamlet, A.F., Lettenmaier, D.P. 2000. Long-range climate forecasting and its use for water management in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. Journal of Hydroinformatics 2(3):163-182.

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Monitoring air quality in mountains: designing an effective network

Peterson, D.L. 2000. Monitoring air quality in mountains: designing an effective network. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 64:81-91.

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New regionalism in the Pacific Northwest: Design and transformation of institutions for sustainability

Willard, S.R. 2000. New regionalism in the Pacific Northwest: Design and transformation of institutions for sustainability. MMA thesis, School of Marine Affairs, University of Washington, Seattle.

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North Atlantic Oscillation/Annular Mode: Two paradigms – one phenomenon

Wallace, J.M. 2000. North Atlantic Oscillation/Annular Mode: Two paradigms – one phenomenon. Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126:791-805.

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Numerical Modeling of the Global Atmosphere in the Climate System

Mote, P.W., O’Neill, A. 2000. Numerical Modeling of the Global Atmosphere in the Climate System. Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Press, 517 pp.

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Ocean conditions and Columbia River salmon

Mantua, N.J. 2000. Ocean conditions and Columbia River salmon. Written testimony provided for the House Subcommittee on Power and Water hearing, Pasco, Washington, April 27, 2000. (unpublished manuscript)

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Pacific Northwest

National Assessment Synthesis Team 2000. Pacific Northwest. pp.68-73, in National Assessment Synthesis Team, Climate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, Overview Report, Washington, D.C.: US Global Change Research Program. 154 pp.

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Pacific Northwest integrated assessment of the impacts of climate variability and change: The potential role of spatial comparisons and synthesis

Miles, E.L., Snover, A.K., Hamlet, A.F., Callahan, B.M., Fluharty, D.L. 2000. Pacific Northwest integrated assessment of the impacts of climate variability and change: The potential role of spatial comparisons and synthesis. In G. James West and L. Buffaloe (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop, Santa Catalina Island, CA, May 24-27, 1999, Technical Report #65, pp 141-146.

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Pacific Northwest regional assessment: The impacts of climate variability and climate change on the water resources of the Columbia River Basin

Miles, E.L., Snover, A.K., Hamlet, A.F., Callahan, B.M., Fluharty, D.L. 2000. Pacific Northwest regional assessment: The impacts of climate variability and climate change on the water resources of the Columbia River Basin. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 36(2):399-420.

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Potential consequences of climate variations and change for the Pacific Northwest

Parson, E.A., Mote, P.W., Hamlet, A.F., Mantua, N.J., Snover, A.K. 2000. Potential consequences of climate variations and change for the Pacific Northwest. Chapter 9 in National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variations and Change (Washington D.C.: USGCRP).

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Rayleigh friction, Newtonian cooling, and the linear response to steady tropical forcing

Wu, Z., Battisti, D.S., Sarachik, E.S. 2000. Rayleigh friction, Newtonian cooling, and the linear response to steady tropical forcing. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 57:1937-1957.

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Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change

National Research Council, Wallace, J.M. 2000. Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 85pp. (Committee chair: Wallace)

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Report 2000: Western Alaska Salmon Disaster

Alexander, V., Busch, G., Dahlberg, M., Fadely, B., Flannagan, D., Geiger, H., Helle, J., Hilborn, R., Hines, W., Knapp, G., Mantua, N.J., Myers, K., Passer, J., Rogers, D., Ruggerone, G., Stabeno, P., Wilmot, R. Report 2000: Western Alaska Salmon Disaster. 2000. Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin.

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Research and management issues in large-scale fire modeling

Peterson, D.L., Schmoldt, D.L. 2000. Research and management issues in large-scale fire modeling. In H. Salminen, J. Saarikko, and W. Virtanen, (eds.), Proceedings Resource Technology ’98 Nordic, Research Paper 791, Vantaa, Finland: Finnish Forest Research Institute.

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Review of NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise Research Strategy for 2000-2010

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 2000. Review of NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise Research Strategy for 2000-2010. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 40 pp. (Committee member: Sarachik)

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Seasonal predictions

Mote, P.W., Sarachik, E.S., Deque, M. 2000. Seasonal predictions. pp. 387-402. In P.W. Mote and A. O’Neill (eds.), Numerical Modeling of the Global Atmosphere in the Climate System, Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Press, 517pp.

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Snow White and the six dwarves run climate models in Italy

Mote, P.W., Paquin, D., Yin, J. 2000. Snow White and the six dwarves run climate models in Italy. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81: 1041-1045.

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Spatial distribution of tropospheric ozone in western Washington, USA

Cooper, S.M., Peterson, D.L. 2000. Spatial distribution of tropospheric ozone in western Washington, USA. Environmental Pollution 107:339-347.

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Spatial variation in fire frequency in the Interior Columbia River Basin

McKenzie, D., Peterson, D.L., Agee, J.K. 2000. Spatial variation in fire frequency in the Interior Columbia River Basin. pp. 257-263. In L. F. Neuenschwander and K. C. Ryan (eds) Proceedings of the 1999 Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop. Moscow, Idaho: University of Idaho.

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Subsidence and upper-tropospheric drying along trajectories in a general circulation model

Salathé, E.P., Hartmann, H. 2000. Subsidence and upper-tropospheric drying along trajectories in a general circulation model. Journal of Climate 13: 257-263.

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The application of climate information

Sarachik, E.S. 2000. The application of climate information. Consequences 5:27-36.

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The dependence of AABW formation on vertical diffusivity

Kamenkovich, I.V., Goodman, P.J. 2000. The dependence of AABW formation on vertical diffusivity. Geophysical Research Letters 27:3739-3742.

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The Pacific Decadal Oscillation, air-sea interaction and central North Pacific winter atmospheric regimes

Bond, N., Harrison, D.E. 2000. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation, air-sea interaction and central North Pacific winter atmospheric regimes. Geophysical Research Letter 27(5):731-734.

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The role of North Atlantic deep water formation in the thermohaline circulation

Goodman, P.J. 2000. The role of North Atlantic deep water formation in the thermohaline circulation. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle.

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The role of North Atlantic deep water formation in the thermohaline circulation

Goodman, P.J. 2000. The role of North Atlantic deep water formation in the thermohaline circulation. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle.

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The vertical structure of convective heating and the 3D structure of the forced circulation in the troposphere

Wu, Z., Sarachik, E.S., Battisti, D.S. 2000. The vertical structure of convective heating and the 3D structure of the forced circulation in the troposphere. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 57:2169-2187.

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Thermohaline adjustment and advection in an OGCM

Goodman, P.J. 2000. Thermohaline adjustment and advection in an OGCM. Journal of Physical Oceanography 31(6):1477-1497.

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Trends in Coho marine survival in relation to the regime concept

Beamish, R., Noakes, D., MacFarlance, G., Pinnix, W.D., Sweeting, R., King, J., Folkes, M.. 2000. Trends in Coho marine survival in relation to the regime concept. Fisheries Oceanography 9(1):114-119.

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Westerly wind events, El Niño and surface temperature changes in the tropical Pacific

Vecchi, G., Harrison, D.E. 2000. Westerly wind events, El Niño and surface temperature changes in the tropical Pacific. Journal of Climate 13:1814-1830.

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A consistent model for the large scale steady surface atmospheric circulation in the tropics

Battisti, D.S., Sarachik, E.S., Hirst, A.C. 1999. A consistent model for the large scale steady surface atmospheric circulation in the tropics. Journal of Climate 12:2956-2964.

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A global isopycnal OGCM: Validations using observed upper ocean variability’s during 1992-93

Hu, D., Chao, Y. 1999. A global isopycnal OGCM: Validations using observed upper ocean variability’s during 1992-93. Monthly Weather Review 127:706-725.

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Adequacy of Observing Systems

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1999. Adequacy of Observing Systems. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 53pp (Committee member: Sarachik)

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An exploratory look at Vibrio Parahaemolyticus and PSP in Washington State

Mantua, N.J. 1999. An exploratory look at Vibrio Parahaemolyticus and PSP in Washington State. In Terry Nosho (ed), Proceedings of the 9th Conference for Shellfish Growers, March 16, 1999, Olympia, Washington.

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An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5

Colle, B.A., Mass, C.F., Smull, B.F. 1999. An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5. Monthly Weather Review 127(6):1310-1334.

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Climate variability and flood events in Pacific Northwest rivers

Hamlet, A.F., Lettenmaier, D.P. 1999. Climate variability and flood events in Pacific Northwest rivers. Unpublished paper. Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle.

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Columbia River streamflow forecasting based on ENSO and PDO climate signals

Hamlet, A.F., Lettenmaier, D.P. 1999. Columbia River streamflow forecasting based on ENSO and PDO climate signals. ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 125(6):333-341.

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Decadal variations in forest fire activity in the Pacific Northwest

Mote, P.W., Keeton, W.S., Franklin, J.F. 1999. Decadal variations in forest fire activity in the Pacific Northwest. In Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Applied Climatology, pp. 155-156, American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA.

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Effects of climate change on hydrology and water resources in the Columbia River Basin

Hamlet, A.F., Lettenmaier, D.P. 1999. Effects of climate change on hydrology and water resources in the Columbia River Basin. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 35(6):1597-1623.

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ENSO impacts on the Pacific Northwest: An integrated assessment

Miles, E.L., Mantua, N.J., Mote, P.W. 1999. ENSO impacts on the Pacific Northwest: An integrated assessment. In W.S. Wooster and W.T. Burke (eds), Proceedings of the Public Program, School of Marine Affairs 25th Anniversary, pp.90-98. School of Marine Affairs, University of Washington.

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Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1999. Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 616 pp. (Committee member: Sarachik)

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Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on the Pacific Northwest: Executive Summary

Mote, P.W., Holmberg, M., Mantua, N.J., Climate Impacts Group. 1999. Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on the Pacific Northwest: Executive Summary. National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration, Office of Global Programs, and JISAO/SMA Climate Impacts Group, Seattle, Washington. 12 pp.

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Impacts of Climate Variability and Change, Pacific Northwest

Mote, P. W., D. J. Canning, D. L. Fluharty, R. C. Francis, J. F. Franklin, A. F. Hamlet, M. Hershman, M. Holmberg, K. N. Ideker, W. S. Keeton, D. P. Lettenmaier, L. R. Leung, N. J. Mantua, E. L. Miles, B. Noble, H. Parandvash, D. W. Peterson, A. K. Snover, and S. R. Willard. 1999. “Impacts of Climate Variability and Change, Pacific Northwest.” National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration, Office of Global Programs, and JISAO/SMA Climate Impacts Group, Seattle, WA. 110 pp.

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Interannual (ENSO) and interdecadal (ENSO-like) variability of the tropospheric circulation in the Southern Hemisphere

Garreaud, R.D., Battisti, D.S. 1999. Interannual (ENSO) and interdecadal (ENSO-like) variability of the tropospheric circulation in the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Climate 12:2,113-2,123.

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Interdecadal modulation of interannual climate variability

Minobe, S., Mantua, N.J. 1999. Interdecadal modulation of interannual climate variability. In M. Angle and A. Bychkov (eds), Ecosystem Dynamics in the Eastern and Western Gyres of the Subarctic Pacific, a special issue of Progress in Oceanography 43:163-192.

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Interdisciplinarity and integrated assessment.

Kaje, J.H. 1999. Unpublished manuscript. Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle.

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Interhemispheric effects of interannual and decadal ENSO-like climate variations on the Americas

Dettinger, M.D., Battisti, D.S., McCabe Jr., G.J., Bitz, C.M., Garreaud, R.D. 1999. Interhemispheric effects of interannual and decadal ENSO-like climate variations on the Americas. In V. Markgraf (ed.) Present and Past Inter-hemispheric climate linkages in the Americas and their Societal Effects, Academic Press.

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Inverse production regimes: Alaskan and West Coast Pacific salmon

Hare, S.R., Mantua, N.J., Francis, R.C. 1999. Inverse production regimes: Alaskan and West Coast Pacific salmon. Fisheries 21(1):6-14.

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Making Climate Forecasts Matter

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1999. Making Climate Forecasts Matter. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 175 pp. (Committee member: Sarachik)

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Marine survival of Puget Sound coho salmon: Deciphering the climate signal

Pinnix, W.D. 1999. Marine survival of Puget Sound coho salmon: Deciphering the climate signal. MS thesis, School of Fisheries Science, University of Washington, Seattle.

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Markov model studies of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation

Johnson, S.D. 1999. Markov model studies of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle.

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Observations of the mesoscale structure of the low-level jet region of a strong landfalling Pacific storm

Persson, P.O., Neiman, P.J., Ralph, F.M., Smull, B.F., Walter, B. 1999. Observations of the mesoscale structure of the low-level jet region of a strong landfalling Pacific storm. In Proceedings of the 8th Conference On Mesoscale Processes, Boston, Massachusetts: American Meteorological Society.

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On the termination of El Nino

Harrison, D.E., Vecchi, G. 1999. On the termination of El Niño. Geophysical Research Letters 26:1593-1596.

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Overview of Columbia basin long-lead streamflow forecasts

Hamlet, A.F., Lettenmaier, D.P. 1999. Overview of Columbia basin long-lead streamflow forecasts. Conference proceedings paper for the American Water Resources Association, October 1999.

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Pacific Northwest regional assessment: The impacts of climate variability and climate change on the water resources of the Columbia River Basin

Miles, E.L., Snover, A.K., Hamlet, A.F., Callahan, B.M., Fluharty, D.L. 1999. Pacific Northwest regional assessment: The impacts of climate variability and climate change on the water resources of the Columbia River Basin. Paper prepared for the American Water Resources Association Specialty Conference on the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change to Water Resources of the United States, Atlanta, Georgia, May 10-12, 1999.

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Policy implications of climate forecasts for water resources management in the Pacific Northwest

Callahan, B.M., Miles, E.L., Fluharty, D.L. 1999. Policy implications of climate forecasts for water resources management in the Pacific Northwest. Policy Sciences 32:269-293.

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Response of high-elevation forests in the Olympic Mountains to climatic change

Zolbrod, A.N., Peterson, D.L. 1999. Response of high-elevation forests in the Olympic Mountains to climatic change. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29:1966-1978.

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Shipborne dual-Doppler operations during TOGA COARE: Integrated observations of storm kinematics and electrification

Petersen, W.A., Cifelli, R.C., Rutledge, S.A., Ferrier, B.S. 1999. Shipborne dual-Doppler operations during TOGA COARE: Integrated observations of storm kinematics and electrification. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80:81-97.

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Simulations of the ENSO hydroclimate signals in the Pacific Northwest Columbia River Basin

Leung, L.R., Hamlet, A.F., Lettenmaier, D.P., Kumar, A. 1999. Simulations of the ENSO hydroclimate signals in the Pacific Northwest Columbia River Basin. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80(11):2313-2329.

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The impacts of drought on Yakima Valley irrigated agriculture and Seattle municipal and industrial water supply

Gray, K.N. 1999. The impacts of drought on Yakima Valley irrigated agriculture and Seattle municipal and industrial water supply. MMA thesis, School of Marine Affairs, University of Washington, Seattle.

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The Pacific Decadal Oscillation and climate forecasting for North America

Mantua, N.J. 1999. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation and climate forecasting for North America. In Maryam Golnaraghi (ed), Climate Risk Solutions 1(1):10-13 (newsletter).

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Thermally forced surface winds on an equatorial beta-plane

Wu, Z., Sarachik, E.S., Battisti, D.S. 1999. Thermally forced surface winds on an equatorial beta-plane. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 56:2029-2037.

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TOGA

Sarachik, E.S. 1999. TOGA. A short contribution to the Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, New York, New York: Wiley Publishing.

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When science sells: El Niño and the newsprint media

Senkler, J.E. 1999. When science sells: El Niño and the newsprint media. MMA thesis, School of Marine Affairs, University of Washington, Seattle.

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A comparison of temperature, salinity, and chlorofluorocarbon observations with results from a high resolution 3-dimensional global ocean model

Craig, A.P., Bullister, J.L., Harrison, D.E., Chervin, R.M., Semtner, Jr., A.J. 1998. A comparison of temperature, salinity, and chlorofluorocarbon observations with results from a high resolution 3-dimensional global ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:1099-1119.

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A configurable Web server for gridded data: A framework for collaboration

Hankin, S., Davison, J., Callahan, J., Harrison, D.E., O’Brien, K. 1998. A configurable Web server for gridded data: A framework for collaboration. pp. 417-418, In conference proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology Boston, Massachusetts: American Meteorological Society.

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A Long-Lived Mesoscale Vortex Observed in its Formative Stage by Airborne Doppler Radar

Yu, C-K., Jou, J-D., Smull, B.F. 1998. A Long-Lived Mesoscale Vortex Observed in its Formative Stage by Airborne Doppler Radar. Monthly Weather Review 127:838-857.

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Airborne dual-Doppler observations of a coastal wind maximum associated with a landfalling cold front

Yu, C-K., Smull, B.F., Houze, R.A. 1998. Airborne dual-Doppler observations of a coastal wind maximum associated with a landfalling cold front. In Proceedings of the 2nd Conference On Coastal & Oceanic Prediction and Processes, Phoenix, American Meteorological Society, pp. 206-209.

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An ecosystem model with iron limitation of primary and export production in the equatorial Pacific at 140W

Loukos, H., Frost, B., Harrison, D.E., Murray, J. 1998. An ecosystem model with iron limitation of primary and export production in the equatorial Pacific at 140W. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 44(9-10):2221-2250.

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An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5

Colle, B.A., Mass, C.F., Smull, B.F. 1998. An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5. In Proceedings of the 16th Conference On Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Phoenix, American Meteorological Society, pp. 202-205.

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An observational study of fronts and frontal mergers during the phasing of arctic and Pacific-polar synoptic-scale waves over the continental United States

Neiman, P.J., Shapiro, M.A., Ralph, F.M., Smull, B.F., Johnson, D. 1998. An observational study of fronts and frontal mergers during the phasing of arctic and Pacific-polar synoptic-scale waves over the continental United States. Monthly Weather Review 126:2,521-2,554.

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Capacity of U.S. Climate Modeling to Support Climate Change Assessment Activities

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1998. Capacity of U.S. Climate Modeling to Support Climate Change Assessment Activities. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 65 pp. (Committee member: Sarachik)

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Climate requirements for SST

Harrison, D.E. 1998. Climate requirements for SST. In Proceedings, GCOS/GOOS Sea Surface Temperature Workshop, Palisades, NY.

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Comparison of NCEP/NCAR and ECMWF reanalyzed fields with TOGA TAO buoy observations over the tropical Pacific

Smull, B.F., McPhaden, M.J. 1998. Comparison of NCEP/NCAR and ECMWF reanalyzed fields with TOGA TAO buoy observations over the tropical Pacific. In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference On Reanalyses, Silver Spring, pp. 227-230

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Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A Science Strategy

National Research Council, Battisti, D.S., Sarachik, E.S. 1998. Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A Science Strategy. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 160 pp. (Committee members: Battisti, Sarachik)

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Effects of interdecadal climate variability on the oceanic ecosystems of the NE Pacific

Francis, R.C., Hare, S.R., Hollowed, A.B., Wooster, W.S. 1998. Effects of interdecadal climate variability on the oceanic ecosystems of the NE Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography 7(1):1-21.

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El Niño-Southern Oscillation sea surface temperature and wind anomalies, 1946-1993.

Harrison, D.E., Larkin, N.K. 1998. El Niño-Southern Oscillation sea surface temperature and wind anomalies, 1946-1993. Reviews of Geophysics 36:353-399.

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Electrical structure in thunderstorm convective regions. Part I: Mesoscale convective systems

Stolzenburg, M., Rust, W.D., Smull, B.F., Marshall, T.C. 1998. Electrical structure in thunderstorm convective regions. Part I: Mesoscale convective systems. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:14,059-14,14,078.

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ENSO theory

Neelin, J.D., Battisti, D.S., Hirst, A.C., Jin, F.F., Wakata, Y., Yamagata, T., Zebiak, S. 1998. ENSO theory. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:14261-14290.

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Generalized inversion of tropical atmosphere-ocean data and a coupled model of the tropical Pacific

Bennett, A.F., Chua, B.S., Harrison, D.E., McPhaden, M.J. 1998. Generalized inversion of tropical atmosphere-ocean data and a coupled model of the tropical Pacific. Journal of Climate 11:1768-1792.

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Global Environment Change, Research Pathways for the Next Decade, Overview

National Research Council, Sarachik, E.S. 1998. Global Environment Change, Research Pathways for the Next Decade, Overview. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 59 pp. (Committee member: Sarachik)

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Impact of an interactive North Atlantic ocean on interannual midlatitude climate variability

Bhatt, U.S., Alexander, M.A., Battisti, D.S., Houghton, D.D., Keller, L.M. 1998. Impact of an interactive North Atlantic ocean on interannual midlatitude climate variability. Journal of Climate 11:1615-1632.

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Initial CLIVAR Implementation Plan

World Climate Research Programme, Sarachik, E.S. 1998. Initial CLIVAR Implementation Plan. WCRP-103, WMO/TD No. 869, 290 pp. (Member of the Scientific Steering Group: Sarachik)

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Initial conditions for optimal growth in a coupled atmosphere-ocean model of ENSO

Thomson, C.J. 1998. Initial conditions for optimal growth in a coupled atmosphere-ocean model of ENSO. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 55:537-557.

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Interaction of a Pacific cold front with the coastal mountains of the western U.S.

Yang, M-J., Colle, B.A., Smull, B.F., Houze, R.A., Yu, C-K. 1998. Interaction of a Pacific cold front with the coastal mountains of the western U.S. In Proceedings of the 16th Conference On Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Phoenix, American Meteorological Society pp. 87-89.

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Oceanic modeling of ENSO

Stockdale, T.N., Busalacchi, A.J., Harrison, D.E., Seager, R. 1998. Oceanic modeling of ENSO. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:14325-14356.

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On the structure and evolution of ENSO-related climate variability in the tropical Pacific: lessons from TOGA

Wallace, J.M., Rasmusson, E.M., Mitchell, T.P., Kousky, V.E., Sarachik, E.S., von Storch, H. 1998. On the structure and evolution of ENSO-related climate variability in the tropical Pacific: lessons from TOGA. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:14,241-14,259.

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OSTP/USGCRP Regional Workshop on the Impacts of Global Climate Change on the Pacific Northwest: Final Report

Snover, A.K., Miles, E.L., Henry, B. 1998. OSTP/USGCRP Regional Workshop on the Impacts of Global Climate Change on the Pacific Northwest: Final Report. NOAA Climate and Global Change Program Special Report No. 11 (March).

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